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Prostate Conditions & Prostate Cancer

A central component of the male reproductive system is the prostate gland. It is located below the bladder, in front of the rectum. The prostate is responsible for producing the fluid component of semen. Prostate problems, such as excessive urination or erectile dysfunction, become more common after a man turns 40.

Las Vegas urologist Dr. Mulugeta Kassahun has devoted his career to advancing men’s health with the latest robotic surgery techniques. He is well-versed in the range of symptoms a man can have when the prostate is not functioning right, and he knows the ideal way to diagnose and fix the problem. He also understands the reservations you may have about getting treatment.

Common prostate conditions you should see a urologist for include:

  • Inflamed prostate (prostatitis), typically caused by an infection
  • Erectile dysfunction
  • Enlarged prostate or BPH (benign prostatitis hyperplasia)
  • Urination problems – excessive urination, frequent night time urination, painful urination, etc.
  • Prostate cancer

Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is one of the most common types of male cancers. One source estimates that 1 in 6 men will get prostate cancer in the US. It is more common in men over age 65. Early detection is key to a successful treatment plan.

Symptoms of a prostate cancer:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Blood in the urine or semen
  • Pain or discomfort in the low back, hips, thighs, or pelvic area
  • Erectile dysfunction

If you have any of these symptoms, you should see a urologist as soon as possible. In some cases, these symptoms may be an early sign of prostate cancer, especially if there is a family history of prostate or breast cancer.

Men should have a prostate cancer screening if they are at risk, especially after turning 40. A PSA test, which measures the prostate-specific blood marker, is used to detect prostate cancer. If the result is above the normal range, you may need an ultrasound and/or biopsy. For men who have had repeatedly high PSA levels and negative ultrasound biopsies, a new type of biopsy may be what you need.

Dr. Kassahun performs ultrasounds and biopsies in the office, including an MRI fusion-guided biopsy of the prostate. With this technology, a specially trained urologist can combine the images from a 3D ultrasound and 3D MRI to enhance them and perform a targeted biopsy all at the same time. This procedure is particularly effective for targeting suspicious lesions that are typically not found during a standard biopsy, because the MRI allows the surgeon to evaluate 100% of the prostate.

Prostate Cancer Treatment

Treatment for prostate cancer will depend on your age, overall health, and the grade and stage of the cancer. A prostatectomy (removal of the prostate), which can be performed using da Vinci robotic surgery, is generally the best option for those who are healthy and relatively young. Using the da Vinci Surgical System, Dr. Kassahun can preserve important nerves, blood vessels, and structures that control urinary continence and sexual function, while successfully removing the cancerous prostate.

For men who are older and in poor health, radiation therapy or radioactive seed implants (brachytherapy) might be best. You will have the opportunity to discuss all your options for treatment with Dr. Kassahun before making any decisions.

If you suspect you have a prostate problem, do not wait! We will fit you into our schedule as quickly as possible so that you don’t have to wait to be seen by a urologist in Las Vegas. Call Urology Specialists of Nevada today at (702) 877-0814 Ext. 115 or request an appointment online.